TIME: Some of Puerto Rico’s Biggest Stars Have Joined Protests Against the Governor. Here’s What to Know


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Some of Puerto Rico’s Biggest Stars Have Joined Protests Against the Governor. Here’s What to Know http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/time/topstories/~3/bXLqtSTyuU8/ Jul 18th 2019, 17:14
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Thousands of Puerto Ricans were joined by some of the island’s biggest stars, including Bad Bunny and Ricky Martin, on Wednesday as they continued protests demanding the resignation of Gov. Ricardo Rosselló following the leak of offensive chat messages––the latest political scandal to rock the island that is still struggling to recover from Hurricane Maria. New images show San Juan police clashing with protestors, firing tear gas and pepper spray into the crowd, as protestors lit fireworks and stormed barricades in an attempt to make their way to the governor’s mansion. The protests follow the arrests of two of Rosselló’s top officials on charges of fraud, inflaming anger over what many say is the Puerto Rican government’s incompetence and corruption following the devastating 2017 storm.
Rosselló remains defiant — claiming he has not committed any illegal acts but is sorry for his inappropriate words in the messages. But calls for his resignation continue to escalate. Protesters say the leaked text messages between Rosselló and his allies expose a reprehensible indifference to Hurricane Maria victims, as well as alarming instances of bigotry and sexism. Christopher Gregory for TIMEBad Bunny waves a flag at the anti-Rosselló protest in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on July 17, 2019.For many on the ground, forcing Rosselló’s resignation would be just the first step in fixing a government they feel has let them down when they needed them the most — and a culmination of years of bad economic policy, natural disaster and corruption that have pushed many everyday Puerto Ricans to the edge. Puerto Rican activist Julio López Varona, an organizer for the New York-based Center for Popular Democracy––one of the groups behind the protests, says the protestors’ initial goal is to get Rosselló to resign, but their ultimate goal is to push to elect a government that will genuinely fighting for them. “It feels like this is a moment of change, everyone is compelled to do and say something,” Lopez-Verona tells TIME. “For people who have been activists trying to raise issues around government, this is a moment that feels important, which is exciting, but it’s also a moment of caution and pause. We understand that Rosselló has to resign, but we know it doesn’t change anything, the structure that put him in power will still be there, so it is important that we raise the issue of Rosselló resigning but also what happens next.” Although Rosselló acknowledged the protesters during a lengthy press conference Tuesday, he said he has no plans to step down. “I understand perfectly that this was a message against me personally,” he said from the governor’s mansion. He then added: “I’m going to keep working for the people of Puerto Rico.” He did not comment on whether he would seek reelection in 2020. Now, Puerto Ricans have decided to take their fate into their own hands. Here is how they got here: What is ‘Chatgate’ Bloomberg—Bloomberg via Getty ImagesRicardo Rossello, governor of Puerto Rico, speaks during the SelectUSA Investment Summit in National Harbor, Maryland, U.S., on Friday, June 22, 2018. The investment summit is dedicated to promoting foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States and brings together companies from all over the world to facilitate business investment in America. Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty ImagesTensions came to a head last week when the Puerto Rican Center for Investigative Journalism published 889 pages of messages exchanged between Rosselló and nine government associates on the messaging app Telegram. Transcripts of the messages — which date from November 2018 to January 2019 — show Rosselló and his associates, including Secretary of State Luis Rivera Marin and Chief Financial Officer Christian Sobrino Vega exchanging privileged information and discussing issues of public policy, the Center for Investigative Journalism said. Marin and Vega have since resigned, but protestors say that is not enough.

Durante la mañana de hoy le comuniqué al Gobernador mi renuncia a mis cargos en el Gobierno de Puerto Rico y la transición ordenada de estas funciones. — Christian Sobrino Vega (@ChSobrino) July 13, 2019

What has drawn the most outrage from protestors was what many characterize as the casual disregard for the Puerto Rican people displayed in the messages, which they say proves Rosselló’s government does not have the welfare of its people in mind. “The hurricane was an important moment for a lot of people in Puerto Rico,” Lopez-Verona says. “People died and when you read the messages, it felt like they were making fun of a sacred thing. You should not be making fun or light of the suffering of the people in Puerto Rico. We knew that there were people making money off of our suffering, but it’s different when you actually read it — you think ‘No, this is not right.’ So in a way, the messages were the catalyst, it was clear these people should not be running the government.” Christopher Gregory for TIMEA protester scales a flag pole during a protest calling for Governor Ricardo Rosselló’s resignation in the wake of “chatgate” in San Juan on July 17, 2019.In one stunning exchange, Sobrino Vega uses the accumulating death toll from Maria as a punchline to a joke about the administration’s critics. When asked about the budget for forensic pathologists he responded, “Now that we are on the subject, don’t we have some cadavers to feed our crows?” He then added, “Clearly they need attention.” “That was kind of the point when we were like ‘holy sh-t,’” Lopez-Verona says. The official death toll from Hurricane Maria was originally 64, but studies showed the storm likely caused thousands of deaths. Members of the chat also casually use homophobic and sexist language. In one exchange, the group joked about shooting San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz, to which Rosselló responded “You’d be doing me a huge favor.” Rosselló refers to Melissa Mark-Viverito, the Puerto Rican-born former speaker of the New York City Council as a “whore,” and there are several homophobic jokes about Puerto Rican pop star Ricky Martin, who is openly gay. Luis Martinez-Fernandez, a history professor at the University of Central Florida, tells TIME that the look into the mindset of the governor’s inner circle combined with corruption charges against members of his administration confirmed many people’s widely held beliefs about elites in Puerto Rican government. “The most damaging thing is their behavior,” he says. “That idea that they’re superior to the common Puerto Rican. They have these privileges and spend the government money the way they wish. What has really triggered protest is this chat, the language really crossed a line.” Outrage against Education Secretary Julia Keleher On July 10, six high-ranking officials in Rosselló’s administration were indicted on 32 counts of money laundering, conspiracy and wire fraud. Former Education Secretary Julia Keleher and another official were accused of directing up to $15.5 million dollars between 2017 and 2019 in federal funds toward politically connected contractors. During her stint as Education Secretary, Keleher was widely criticized for her push to privatize the island’s public school system in the wake of Maria. Her plans also included massive cuts, teacher layoffs and school closures. During a press conference announcing the charges, U.S Attorney for the District of Puerto Rico Rosa Emilia Rodríguez, called the defendant actions “shameful.” “It’s a pity that we see this kind of scheme,” she said. “There is so much work to be done in Puerto Rico and the people accused here profited from this, they sought to benefit their own personal interests and did not think they could help or that they were in a position to help Puerto Rico.” Keleher’s attorney María Domínguez told the Weekly Journal that she is confident in her client’s innocence. “We are going to raise strong defenses as the case evolves. In terms of cooperation, I can tell you that the only cooperation that my client is giving is that she is cooperating fully with court orders,” she said. Protestors say the charges show Keleher and Rosselló were willing to sell out the Puerto Rican people for profit. “I think the governor surrounded himself with people that had an idea of what Puerto Rico should be that had nothing to do with the well-being of the Puerto Rican people,” Lopez-Varona says. “These are neo-liberal capitalists using government as a bank which they could make money off of.” Celebrity response to the protest On Wednesday Puerto Rican stars Ricky Martin, Bad Bunny and actor Benicio Del Toro joined protest against Rosselló. The celebrities joined marchers on the capital and showed support for protestors, speaking to the crowd and waving the Puerto Rican flag. Singer Ricky Martin, who was mocked in the chat, posted a video on Twitter Tuesday announcing his participation. In the video, he said he is frustrated and annoyed and that the only way he can feel better is to travel to Puerto Rico and walk among his own people. “When Puerto Rico unites, marvelous things happen and we can change history, we’ve done it before,” he says in Spanish.

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#rickyrenuncia A post shared by Ricky (@ricky_martin) on Jul 17, 2019 at 10:20pm PDT

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#PuertoRico nos vemos mañana en el la marcha a ls 5pm frente al Capitolio pic.twitter.com/4cZM1KF3Kn — Ricky Martin (@ricky_martin) July 17, 2019

Puerto Rican Latin trap artist Bad Bunny also took to social media to comment on the protest. On a video posted to Instagram, he thanked fellow Puerto Ricans who have been brave enough to stand up and fight for their country. The singer postponed a planned show in Ibiza, Spain to participate in Wednesday’s march. https://www.instagram.com/tv/Bz9hGaJhSRW/ “I want everyone who has never taken part in a protest to come out, without any fear and with a sense of purpose,” he said in Spanish. How Hurricane Maria plays a role in the current protests While the chat leak was the final straw for many, Rosselló’s problems truly started with what many say was his poor handling of Hurricane Maria. In September 2017 the Category 5 hurricane brought destruction to the Caribbean islands of U.S Virgin Islands, Dominica, and Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico faced widespread flooding and blackouts, made worse by a slow response from the federal government. The island, a United States territory since 1898, is home to nearly 3.2 million people. Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens. Many Puerto Ricans say that island officials, including Rosselló, did not do enough to stand up to President Donald Trump following his controversial response to the devastating storm. The governor was also heavily criticized for his post-recovery effort, and for his year-long claim that there were only dozens of casualties until a large study found that almost 3,000 citizens died as a result of Maria. That same study found that failures in government institutions contributed to the death rate, especially for poorer Puerto Ricans. Christopher Gregory for TIMEA woman waves a Puerto Rican flag at the anti-Rosselló protest in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on July 17, 2019.Hurricane Maria also drove Puerto Rico — which was already in a financial crisis prior to the storm — into further debt. Maria is still on most protestors’ minds as they march down the streets of San Juan, and Lopez-Varona says that the government failed the people before and after the disaster. “I think Maria was a culmination of things that were happening,” he says. “Puerto Rico was already in a financial crisis for 10 years, and even before Maria 10% of the population had left — the hurricane just exasperated everything. The infrastructure couldn’t sustain itself, and it hadn’t been maintained, all of these things were examples that Puerto Rico was not prepared, and the people who ruled us did not care about the well-being of Puerto Rico.” Martinez-Fernandez, the history professor, predicts that in the end, Rosselló will not be able to overcome the scandal. “I think I’m going to witness his resignation, which would be the first-ever,” he says. “This is just a combination of too many factors––corruption, immorality, hate speech against women. The chat leak really demonstrated how inept and arrogant he is.”

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